Program of tuesday

Tuesday, November 17, 2015

7:30 – 9:00 a.m.

Registration and breakfast 

9:00 – 10:30 a.m.

Plenary sessions

Opening remarks: Mrs Arlène Gaudreault, President, Association Québécoise Plaidoyer-Victimes 

Speakers:

Mr Robert Cario, Professor Emeritus, Director, Institut Français pour la Justice Restaurative [French institute for restorative justice]

Michèle De Kerckhove, President, Institut National d’Aide aux Victimes et de Médiation [national victim assistance and mediation institute] , France

Lode Walgrave, Professor Emeritus, Université Leuven, Belgium 

10:30 – 10:45 a.m.

Break

10:45 a.m. – 12:00 p.m.

Workshops

BLOC C

Restorative justice in France: A legislative innovation after five years of testing

[Translation English-French]

Authors:

  • Mrs Géraldine Blin, unctional director, insertion and probation services (SPIP), French department of Val d’Oise (95)
  • Mr François Goetz, functional director, insertion and probation services (SPIP), French department of Yvelines (78)
  • Mrs Marie-Josée Boulay, testimony

Summary of presentation :

With restorative justice, conflict becomes everyone’s business. Community reintegration against a backdrop of humanization of social relations, it is embodied in simple and effective mechanisms.
Three experimental programs were tried in France over the last five years before the legislation that would establish the principle was even brought to a vote.
The first was at the Maison centrale de Poissy penitentiary in 2010. The participants were victims or perpetrators of extremely serious crimes. A strong partnership was then established with victim support associations.
The experiment was then tried in the open community by a probation service with victims and perpetrators of violent robberies. Interest was observed among participants in the desistance of some, the bringing of closure to others and the restoration of severed social links.
Lastly, another probation service developed support and accountability circles to help convicted offenders who were socially isolated and considered risks to re-offend. Volunteers accompany them, and professionals are always nearby.

Two new alternative measures programs in Quebec: one for the Aboriginal community and the other for the general adult population.

[French only]
Authors:
  • Me. Renée Madore, associate deputy minister, access to justice directorate, director of planning and policy, Quebec Ministère de la Justice [Quebec department of justice]
  • Me. Myriam Cantin, avocate,  direction générale de l’accès à la justice,direction des orientations et politiques, Ministère de la justice du Québec
  • Me. Marie-Ève Thériault, avocate,  direction générale de l’accès à la justice, direction des orientations et politiques, Ministère de la justice du Québec

Summary of presentation :

A report on the progress of two Quebec department of justice (planning and policy directorate) projects, in partnership with the Quebec Directeur des poursuites criminelles et pénales [Quebec office of the director of criminal prosecutions and penal action] (DPCP), the Quebec Ministère de la Sécurité publique [Quebec department of public security] (MSP) and other public and community organizations:
  • an alternative measures program for the Aboriginal community;
  • an alternative measures program for the general adult population.These programs were developed in accordance with paragraph 717(1)(a) of the Criminal Code.

From accountability to reparation within a context of male conjugal violence

[French only]
Authors:
  • Mr Robert Ayotte, director of the L’Accord Mauricie intervention centre for men with violent behaviour
  • Mrs Nancy Gough has been working in the field of male conjugal violence for more than 25 years. She established the L’Émergence help centre and transition home
  • Mrs Monic Caron, director of the Maison d’aide et d’hébergement [help centre and transition home] where she has now been working for more than 25 years

Summary of presentation :

In Quebec, 25% of offences against the person are committed in conjugal settings. Among other things, the presentation will discuss: the distress of persons exposed to such violence; methods for obtaining “reparation;” the importance of abusers acknowledging responsibility; common denominators among many spousal abusers, including looking to share the blame and using various justifications; means of deconstructing those justifications; and specific concerns that should frame the practice of restorative justice in these situations.

Restorative Justice Education : Tools and Experiences from the Classroom

Authors:
  • Mrs Alana Abramson, Criminology Instructor, Kwantlen Polytech University; Coordinator, Alternatives to Violence Project; Restorative Justice Trainor, Fraser Region Community Justice Initiatives; and Consultant, Crisisi and Trauma Training Institute
  • Mrs Barbara Tomporowski, Senior Policy Analist, Saskatchewan Ministry of Justice; Co-chair, Federal-Provincial-Territorial Working Group on Restorative Justice; Restorative Justice Teacher, University of Regina

The Institutionalization of Restorative Justice in Schools: Understanding Organizational Change

Authors:
  • Mrs Diane Crocker, Associate Professor, Department of Sociology and Criminology, Saint Mary’s University
  • Mr Scott Russell, student at Saint Mary’s University

Summary of presentation : Restorative Justice Education : Tools and Experiences from the Classroom

This session draws on the presenters’ academic and professional expertise and personal experience teaching classes on restorative justice and mediation at the university level. There will also be information shared about developing restorative justice programs including peer mediation and “whole school” approaches at the elementary and high school levels. This session will describe transformative approaches to restorative justice education and highlight the importance of utilizing teaching approaches that align with the values, principles and practices of restorative justice. The presentation describes transformative approaches to restorative education and how they link to broader issues such as citizenship, healthy relationships and anti-bullying. It discusses the challenges of teaching restorative justice within traditional educational settings, highlights what the presenters have learned from their teaching experience, and shares tools and strategies for educating students in ways that reflect the values, principles and practices of restorative justice. It provides practical examples and discusses the transformative power of restorative approaches in classroom settings. Participants can expect to learn about the theory and practice of restorative approaches to education and will be provided with concrete tools and ideas to take into their own educational settings.

Summary of presentation : The Institutionalization of Restorative Justice in Schools: Understanding Organizational Change

In recent years restorative justice has emerged as a viable alternative to zero tolerance approaches to discipline in schools. Restorative justice in schools encourages a shift away from seeing behavioral problems as “rule breaking” and focuses instead on the negative effects of the behaviours.
The move from zero-tolerance to restorative justice constitutes an enormous change for school administrators and teachers. This presentation looks in detail at the change process that takes place through a case study of a school in Nova Scotia (Canada) that adopted restorative justice principles.   The presentation will describe how the school shifted from one that relied on punishments and rewards to one that embodies the principles and practices of restorative justice.
In the presentation we will draw and a framework called “critical sensemaking” designed to understand organizational change to bolster our understanding of what happened at the school we studied. We answer the following question: “How did teachers make sense of the shift toward restorative justice?” Our answers will help guide anyone interested in transforming an organization into a more restorative environment.

Reflections and discussions from Ottawa’s Collaborative Justice Program : Working With Cases of Serious Crime

Authors:
  • Mr Amber Montgomery, Caseworker, Collaborative Justice Program
  • Mrs Cindy Ayala, Caseworker, Restorative Justice Program
  • Mrs Tanya Rugge, Senior Research Advisor, Corrections Research Unit, Public Safety Canada

Summary of presentation :

The Collaborative Justice Program was established in 1998 in Ottawa’s Provincial Courthouse. As a pilot project, the intent to demonstrate that a restorative approach in cases of serious crime would provide for a much more satisfying experience. The CJP introduces a process that runs parallel to the legal system, and provide parties with an opportunity to work together towards a meaningful and appropriate resolution proposal at the time of sentencing.
Seventeen years later and in spite of many challenges, CJP still accepts cases of serious, pre-sentence crime, something that remains unique within the restorative justice community.
Through our presentation, CJP Caseworkers will highlight individual stories, and discuss the most interesting things that they have learned from doing this very important work.
The presentation will also include empirical findings from the evaluation of the CJP and its impact on participants, thereby expanding the empirical base regarding restorative justice practices. The following results are addressed: whether program goals were met; whether clients’ needs were met; whether clients were satisfied with the restorative approach compared to the traditional system; the psychological and physical impacts on participants, and whether participation by offenders reduced their likelihood of re-offending within a 10-year follow-up period

JAGTAM questionnaire on criminal behaviour: an additional restorative justice intervention tool

Authors:
  • Mr André Therrien, social psychologist and developer of experiential management (1986), an original approach to social intervention
  • Mr Alain Desmarais, director, Mesures alternatives des Vallées du Nord (MAVN)
  • Mrs Maïli Daigle, Holder of a Master’s degree in Psychoeducation and Ph.D candidate in Clinical Psychology  at Université du Québec en Outaouais (UQO)
 

From community work to a restorative approach: how the practice evolved in the alternative justice organizations

[French only]
Authors:
  • Mr Pierre Marcoux, director of Le Pont and president of the ROJAQ
  • Mrs Isabelle Jean, psychosocial worker,ressources Alternatives Rive Sud

Summary of presentation :JAGTAM questionnaire on criminal behaviour: an additional restorative justice intervention tool

Social psychologist André Therrien has developed an intervention approach that takes into account the dynamics of pleasure and pain/suffering experiences. One of the tools that provides food for thought is the JAGTAM© analysis of lifestyles questionnaire, which was originally based on the lifestyles of the Aardvark and Jaguar in Brazil (Curt Nimuendajú, anthropologist).
From 2005 to 2015, Mesures alternatives des Vallées du Nord (MAVN) and the Association québécoise de la Gestion expérientielle (AQGE) jointly developed the Jagtam en agir délictueux© [criminal behaviour JAGTAM] for specific use with an adolescent population exhibiting criminal behaviour. The initial version was developed on the basis of a preliminary study; this version was subsequently improved following consultations with workers in Quebec alternative justice organizations.
The JAGTAM criminal behaviour questionnaire establishes six behaviour intention profiles patterned after the behaviour of six members of the animal kingdom (jaguar, aardvark, snake, eaglet, hyena and chameleon). Each refers to a series of characteristics involved in offenders’ decision-making and makes possible more-appropriate support in their reparation measures and in their future decision-making.
The workshop will outline the steps involved in developing the questionnaire and present preliminary results from administering the questionnaire.

Summary of presentation : From community work to a restorative approach: how the practice evolved in the alternative justice organizations

The community work program exists for more than 30 years in the youth criminal justice system. Throughout the years, many studies pointed to the lack of sense and  the coexistence of contradictory objectives in  this program. These findings brought the ROJAQ to review its practises in order to emphasize the notion of reparation in the measures administered. The communication will report on  the initial findings, on the method of work and on the impacts for the community work measure.

12:00 – 1:15 p.m.

Lunch 

1:15 – 2:30 p.m.

Workshops

BLOC D

Restorative Justice, Offender treatment and recidivism : A Research Perspective

[Translation English-French]
Authors:
  • Mrs Tanya Rugge, Senior Research Advisor, Corrections Research Unit, Public Safety Canada

Summary of presentation :

While many restorative justice (RJ) programs target low to medium risk offenders; more programs are starting to target high-risk offenders who have committed more serious crimes. Higher risk offenders typically have a wider range of “needs” related to their criminal activity that require specific treatment services. There are various goals of RJ programs, and there is debate about whether recidivism is an appropriate goal of RJ processes. If one of the goals is to reduce recidivism, then it may be worthwhile to consider the research and best practices of what is known about effective correctional treatment, rehabilitation of offenders and effective ways to change behaviour. Empirical reviews of the offender treatment literature have shown that targeted interventions can produce dramatic reductions in recidivism. There is also empirical evidence that suggests that RJ, amongst many other positive outcomes, can also reduce recidivism. This presentation will review the respective research, highlight the importance of offender treatment linked to reducing recidivism, and explore the possible usefulness of marrying RJ with effective offender rehabilitation practices, towards strengthening the impact that RJ practices have on recidivism and increase public safety. Implications of this proposed integration will also be discussed.

New legislation and new opportunities for intervention?

[French only]
Authors:
  • Mrs Sylvie Hamel, Professor, Department of Psycho-Education, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières; Researcher, International Centre for Comparative Criminology (ICCC)

Attempts to establish an original penal mediation program for adolescents in Québec

Authors:
  • Mr Pascal Dominique-Legault, PhD candidate and research assistant
  • Mrs Catherine Rossi, professor, Université Laval, Quebec

Summary of presentation : New legislation and new opportunities for intervention?

[French only]
The changes stemming from the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) still face a number of obstacles even today, in particular with regard to some apparent misgivings about the work of alternative justice organizations and misconceptions about the objectives of their activities.
Accordingly, this presentation first reviews the foundation upon which restorative justice is built, then explores the fields of community psychology and community social development. In this way, the presenter hopes to illustrate how a focus on the community can be useful and provide something extra in helping to foster the development of young people, regardless of whether they engage in delinquent behaviour or not.

Summary of presentation : Attempts to establish an original penal mediation program for adolescents in Québec

[French only]
In 2009, the Centres jeunesse and Organismes de justice alternative du Québec [Quebec youth centres and alternative justice organizations] jointly created a penal mediation pilot project for adolescents in the criminal justice system and their victims, at the pronouncing of sentence stage, for the most severe offences. The practice, referred to as “dialogue at the time of the pre-disposition report,” occurs at a specific point in the judicial process: after the offender has been found guilty, but before sentence is pronounced. While the pilot phase of the project has officially come to an end, some organizations have green-lighted the development of this initiative and the implementation of the program remains a very real challenge, since certain institutions are actively wondering about the specifics of such a program and the issues involved. This presentation will review and present progress reports on some of the intermediate results of research, which began in 2013, to assess, through a qualitative exploration process, the perceptions of some 60 participants (professionals and beneficiaries) in four regions of the province of Quebec. Thoughts will be exchanged on key changes to “dialogue at the time of the pre-disposition report” practices that have been observed since their inception.

“Returning to spirit” workshops: creating meaningful relations between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people

[French only]
Authors:
  • Mrs Lucie Painchaud, Centre de justice réparatrice de Québec [Quebec City restorative justice centre] (CJRQ)
  • Mrs Rose-Anne Gosselin, member of the Timiskaming Algonquin First Nation

Summary of presentation :

Developed in 2001 in western Canada by Marc Pizandawatc, an Anishnabe of Kitigan Zibi, and Sister Ann Thompson of the Diocese of Mackenzie-Fort Smith, the “Returning to spirit” workshops build peace in the wake of the legacy of the residential schools where many First Nations and Inuit children were sent. What is original about the program is that it brings together Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people on a journey of personal growth and reconciliation during which the issue of residential schools is touched upon without being the exclusive point of focus. Participants in these workshops may have lived in residential schools themselves; they may be descendants of persons who lived in residential schools; they may work with or stand in solidarity with Aboriginal people; they may be affected by the stories told by former residential school residents; and they may have served time in prison. They share one common thread: a real desire for reconciliation with themselves, with others and with life in general. People who have taken these workshops find their relationships strengthened, experience better social inclusion and have a greater appreciation for the value of each human interaction. The Returning to spirit organization was founded in 2008 and has been working in partnership with CJRQ since 2013.

Meetings between persons associated with related crimes: an innovative Quebec approach that has proven its worth

[French only]
Authors:
  • Mrs Estelle Drouvin, coordinator of the Centre de services de justice réparatrice [restorative justice services centre] (CSJR) since 2009
  • Mr Raoul Lincourt, president of the CSJR since it was established in 2001

Summary of presentation :

For nearly 15 years, the CSJR has been providing a unique service within the province of Quebec: an opportunity for offenders convicted of especially serious crimes (e.g. murder, intra-familial or extra-familial sexual assault, aggravated assault) to meet with victims of similar crimes (direct or indirect victims) and with ordinary citizens and volunteers representing the community.
Inspired by the humanist approach in penal mediation as well as by Aboriginal traditions, meetings of this type, held in strict confidentiality and with the support of volunteers, although they remain marginal, are increasingly being recognized by institutions and civil society.
What are the specifics behind this unique approach developed in the province of Quebec? Why bring former inmates together with victims of crime who are strangers to each other? What can the participants in such meetings expect to gain from them?
This workshop will present the services that are available in Quebec, the conditions for gaining access to those services, the needs which those services meet, and the observed effects. The testimony of an individual who participated in such an initiative will shed light on its workings and on the issues involved.

Shifting Perspectives: How Conflict Coaching Groups Create Successful Mediations for High Conflict Families

Authors:
  • Mrs Marie-José Van der Zande, student of the Master’s of Peace and Conflict Studies Program, Conrad Grebel University College, University of Waterloo
  • Mr Jason Spencer, Restorative Justice Practitioner, Community Justice Initiatives of Waterloo

Summary of presentation :

In 1974, Waterloo Region, Ontario, Canada was the site of the first victim offender mediation. Community Justice Initiatives of Waterloo Region (CJI) was born out of this innovative solution to address conflict created by crime. CJI has since grown into a unique organization that implements restorative responses to new contexts, including reintegration from prison, sexual abuse trauma, and more. CJI also goes beyond individual programming to implement a “Just Community” where the first approach to conflict, crime and abuse is restorative.
This presentation will discuss the objectives and outcomes of the conflict coaching portion of CJI’s Family Centred Program (FCP). The FCP provides reconciliation services for high conflict families involved in the child welfare system. Conflict coaching groups seek to shift perspectives of the family members so that they are able to participate in family meetings using their strengths and not falling into difficult communication patterns of blaming others and engaging from a defensive position. The audience will participate in an interactive presentation that will demonstrate activities used in conflict coaching groups and discuss the impact of these activities.

Restorative Justice in Education : Reflexive and Critical Practice

Authors:
  • Mrs Brenda Morrison, Director, Centre for Restorative Justice and Associate Professor, School of Criminology, Simon Fraser University

Interfaith Dialogue as Restorative Community

Authors:
  • Mr Lloyd Bruce, Operations Officer, Chaplaincy Services, Kairos Pneuma Chaplaincy, ordained by the United Church of Canada

Summary of presentation :

Mr Lloyd Bruce, Operations Officer, Chaplaincy Services, Kairos Pneuma Chaplaincy, ordained by the United Church of Canada
As the a provider of interfaith Chaplaincy services in Canada’s federal penitentiaries Kairos Pneuma Chaplaincy knows well the value of restorative conversations and believes that interfaith dialogue is a foundation for restorative communities. The presentation will seek to highlight the hallmarks of interfaith orientation and the steps necessary for authentic dialogue which can lead to restorative community

Alternative justice in schools and preschools and in the sports community

[French only]
Authors:
  • Mr Olivier Ouellet, community worker, L’Interface
  • Mrs Michèle Gariépy, director, Pactes Bois-Franc
  • Mr Tony Tapin, caseworker, Justice alternative Saguenay

Summary of presentation :

Conflicts are a part of life, and the school and sports communities are no exception to this rule. Conflicts, violence, management of shortcomings, harassment policies, the relative places occupied by victims and offenders… How can we prevent conflict situations before they escalate? Where does restorative justice fit into all this? The workshop will present a variety of projects involving day-care centres, schools, school boards, day camps and sports associations.

The place and role of emotion in restorative justice: Study of the emotional journey of past-offenders in a restorative process

[French only]
Authors:
  • Mrs Céline Fantini, Master’s degree in Criminal Law, Master’s degree in Criminology

Dans l’âme des rencontres restauratives : l’effet « Argo » ou le parcours identitaire des participants [In the spirit of restorative meetings: the “Argo” effect or the participants’ identity path]

[French only]
Authors:
  • Mr Erwan Dieu, clinical criminologist, Co-Director of the Violence Observatory (ARCA), and psycho-criminological researcher with the CIAPHS laboratory at the Université de Rennes 2
  • Mrs Astrid Hirschelmann, associate professor in Psychopathology and Criminology, Assistant director of the interdisciplinary Centre for the analysis of human and social processes, Rennes University 2

Summary of presentation : The place and role of emotion in restorative justice: Study of the emotional journey of past-offenders in a restorative process

After first discussing the place and role of emotion in restorative justice, the speaker will present the results of her academic research on the emotional journey of past-offenders engaged in a restorative justice process. While a number of studies focus on the life paths of criminals engaged in a restorative process, none have taken a deeper look at their “emotional life paths,” even though it has been said that the expression of emotions is a necessary precursor to restorative justice experiences and that the expression of emotions during these experiences is vital to their success.
Four past-offenders who participated in restorative justice initiatives (offender/victim meetings and/or face-to-face sessions, or direct reparation to their victims) were interviewed. Analysis of the empirical data revealed two distinct emotional periods for past-offenders: an emotionally “closed” period and a period of emotional “openness.” The various emotional components (emotions/cognitions/behaviours) of each emotional state are presented as well as the resulting emotional changes. The transition from an emotionally closed to an emotionally open state and the restorative justice experience were carefully studied. Emerging from these analyses is the concept of an “emotional turning point,” which is the key point in the subjects’ emotional journey in that it constitutes a prerequisite to participation in a restorative program as well as a barometer of the restorative effect of such expériences.

Summary of presentation : Dans l’âme des rencontres restauratives : l’effet « Argo » ou le parcours identitaire des participants [In the spirit of restorative meetings: the “Argo” effect or the participants’ identity path]

What is the “restoration” of protagonists? After supervising the Restorative Justice program for three years, we have modeled the “Argo” effect. Stopping from port to port to replace parts until no original parts are left of the ship, the voyage of the Argo questions the final identity of the vessel: is it still the same vessel? The progressive identity-related movements dealt with in restorative justice raise the same question: what do the subjects go through, and are they still the same? The proposal to test the individual’s system of values is akin to placing the individual at the crossroads of the various axes of his identity (past-anterior/future-substitution, me/others, uncertainty). The relationship between the actors evolves in three phases, and each phase remains essential to the Nietzschean experience of self: amor fati (accepting one’s fate), creating your own freedom, becoming who you are.

2:30 – 3:00 p.m.

Break 

3:00 – 3:30 p.m.

Closing plenary session:

Mr Jacques Faget, Professor Emeritus, Director of Research, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), Sciences Po, Bordeaux, France

3:30 p.m.

Close of symposium